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  1. Analysis
May 1, 2020

Majority of unemployment claims in the US filed by women, according to leading macroeconomic influencers

By GlobalData Thematic Research

Women accounted for majority of the 30 million workers who filed for unemployment benefits in the US in the last two months. The unprecedented surge in claims has made it difficult for states to clear them. While some experts recommend an increase in unemployment benefits others warn that it may lead to more unemployment as workers may be reluctant to return to work.

Shoshana Grossbard

Shoshana Grossbard, professor of Economics emerita at San Diego State University , shared an article on how women filed the majority of the unemployment claims in 17 states in the US due to the closure of schools and workplaces.

Women working as waitresses, hairdressers and cosmetologists, retail salespeople, bartenders, and childcare workers were some of the hardest hit by the lockdown measures implemented to curb the spread of Covid-19.

Peter Morici

Peter Morici, an economist and Business Professor at the University of Maryland, shared his interview on how increasing unemployment benefits can lead to a spike in unemployment rates. In the interview, he notes that unemployment benefits can help in the short-term but in the long-term the impact of small businesses will be huge.

Morici added that once the lockdown restrictions are lifted, employers should be provided with money to hire workers instead of providing workers with unemployment benefits.

Gregory Daco

Gregory Daco , Chief US Economist at Oxford Economics , tweeted a chart depicted the estimated decline in US GDP in the second quarter of 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. He noted that the GDP fell by 4.8% in the first quarter, which is largest contraction since the global financial crisis in 2008.

Daco estimated that the GDP contraction in the second quarter to be 40%, which will be the largest since the World War II. /status/1255822600862863360

Daniel Lacalle

Daniel Lacalle, chief economist at Tressis SV, tweeted statistics related to the GDP contraction in the Eurozone. Across 19 countries in Europe, the GDP contracted a higher rate of 14.4% in the first three months of 2020 compared to a 4.8% decline in the US.

The higher drop is due to the implementation of lockdown earlier than the US.

Harry A. Patrinos

Harry A. Patrinos, an education economist and manager at the World Bank, tweeted an article on the impact of lockdown on education. He noted that each additional year of schooling equates to 10% of future lifetime earnings. School closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic will result in lost future earnings.

Patrinos added that the cost to the future earnings due to school closures will be an estimated $2.5tn or 12.7% of GDP for the US and $10tn globally.

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