Organovo has filed a patent for bioprinted, three-dimensional, biological skin tissues. The patent describes the tissues as comprising a dermal layer with dermal fibroblasts and an epidermal layer with keratinocytes. The patent also mentions arrays of engineered skin tissues and methods of making them. GlobalData’s report on Organovo gives a 360-degree view of the company including its patenting strategy. Buy the report here.

Smarter leaders trust GlobalData


Data Insights Organovo Holdings Inc - Company Profile

Buy the Report

Data Insights

The gold standard of business intelligence.

Find out more

According to GlobalData’s company profile on Organovo, 3D Bioprinting was a key innovation area identified from patents. Organovo's grant share as of June 2023 was 1%. Grant share is based on the ratio of number of grants to total number of patents.

Bioprinted three-dimensional skin tissues and methods of making them

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office(USPTO). Credit: Organovo Holdings Inc

A recently filed patent (Publication Number: US20230201420A1) describes a three-dimensional, engineered, biological skin tissue that can be cultured for at least 12 days. The skin tissue consists of a dermal layer and an epidermal layer. The dermal layer contains dermal fibroblasts, while the epidermal layer contains keratinocytes. Within 12 days of culture, the skin tissue develops multiple layers of differentiated keratinocytes.

The patent claims that the dermal fibroblasts in the dermal layer are primarily human fibroblasts. Additionally, the keratinocytes in the epidermal layer are primarily human keratinocytes. The epidermal layer may also include melanocytes, and the ratio of keratinocytes to melanocytes is between 90:10 and 99:1. The skin tissue may also contain organoids, such as sebocytes, glandular cells, or follicle cells, in the dermal layer and/or the epidermal layer. Furthermore, the skin tissue may include cancer cells.

Importantly, the skin tissue described in the patent does not have mature tissue innervation, perfusable lymphatic tissue, or perfusable vasculature. It is also free of pre-formed scaffold, indicating that it is a self-supporting structure. The epidermal layer is in continuous contact with the dermal layer, and its thickness ranges from about 20 µm to about 500 µm, with a preferred thickness of about 150 µm. The dermal layer, on the other hand, is about 10 µm to about 1000 µm thick, with a preferred thickness of about 500 µm.

The patent also mentions an array comprising multiple skin tissues, which can be used for in vitro assays, drug-screening assays, or cosmetic assays. Each skin tissue in the array is the same as the one described in claim 131.

In addition to the above-described skin tissue, the patent also includes two alternative embodiments. One embodiment includes a hypodermal layer, consisting of endothelial cells, in contact with the dermal layer and the epidermal layer. The other embodiment includes a basal layer, consisting of basal keratinocytes, in contact with the dermal layer and the epidermal layer. Both of these embodiments also result in the development of multiple layers of differentiated keratinocytes within 12 days of culture.

Overall, this patent describes a novel three-dimensional, engineered, biological skin tissue that can be cultured for at least 12 days. The tissue consists of dermal and epidermal layers, with specific cell types and ratios, and does not require a pre-formed scaffold. It has potential applications in various assays and can be used as a model for studying skin biology and testing cosmetic or pharmaceutical products.

To know more about GlobalData’s detailed insights on Organovo, buy the report here.

Data Insights


The gold standard of business intelligence.

Blending expert knowledge with cutting-edge technology, GlobalData’s unrivalled proprietary data will enable you to decode what’s happening in your market. You can make better informed decisions and gain a future-proof advantage over your competitors.


GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying data, research, and analysis used to produce this article.

GlobalData Patent Analytics tracks bibliographic data, legal events data, point in time patent ownerships, and backward and forward citations from global patenting offices. Textual analysis and official patent classifications are used to group patents into key thematic areas and link them to specific companies